Welcome to HempX University and your first course: CBD Keywords 101
We’ve put together a glossary full of CBD keywords to help you become a CBD expert! We believe CBD users should know as much as possible about CBD products: what they are, how they work, and how they’re made. This way, it’s easier for users to differentiate between quality CBD and shady third-party resellers. To be a smart CBD shopper, you’ve gotta know the lingo. So whether you’re new to the world of CBD or just looking for a refresher course, we’ve got you covered with the vocab to empower you as you shop for hemp products.
Bioavailability: Bioavailability is the degree and rate at which a substance is absorbed into the bloodstream. To put it simply, the bioavailability rate of a CBD product is the percentage of the compound that gets absorbed into your bloodstream and distributed throughout your body. Understanding bioavailability helps you figure out exactly what dose or product works best for you. The key to remember is that bioavailability of CBD depends heavily on how you administer it. There are many ways to take CBD such as Orally, Sublingually, Topically, and Inhaling. Continue reading about methods of administration…
Broad Spectrum: Broad spectrum CBD extract contains various cannabinoids, compounds, and terpenes from the hemp plant, but zero THC.
Full Spectrum vs. Broad Spectrum vs. Isolate
Full Spectrum: CBD extract that contains other naturally occurring compounds from the hemp plant, (such as CBN, CBG, THC) and terpenes. Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in many plants that often determines the strains or “flavors” in the Cannabis/Hemp industry. Full Spectrum CBD products cannot contain more than 0.3% THC in order to be federally legal.
Broad Spectrum: The only big difference between Broad and Full Spectrum extract is that Broad Spectrum does not contain any THC. Broad spectrum oil still contains other compounds and terpenes but it is put through an additional remediation process to get all of the THC out.
CBD Isolate: Pure Cannabidiol (CBD) with no other compounds or terpenes. Isolate is CBD in its raw, extracted, crystal form.
Cannabidiol: Is the technical term for CBD. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive and naturally occurring chemical compound that interacts with the body’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS). CBD is extracted from hemp and cannabis plants. CBD provides therapeutic benefits without the “high” effects of THC. You are likely to feel a gradual improvement in your mental, physical, and overall well-being from CBD.
Cannabinoid: A cannabinoid is a diverse chemical compound that interacts with and stimulates the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) of all mammals. There are over 100 cannabinoids that can be extracted from hemp. The two most popular cannabinoids are THC and CBD. Cannabinoids derived from plants are called phytocannabinoids, but there are also naturally occurring cannabinoids from the body called endocannabinoids.
Certificate of Analysis: A certificate of analysis or COA is a results certificate from an accredited laboratory certifying which cannabinoids, and the amount of those cannabinoids, are in the CBD product at hand. This proof of analysis exists to insure the consumer, as well as the seller, that the product being advertised actually contains what is being claimed on its packaging. Reviewing the COA is a CBD expert move that helps you avoid mislabeled, low-quality, or fake products. A trustworthy CBD company will always provide a COA. Browse HempX COA’s
CO2 Extraction: CO2 extraction is a process using pressurized carbon dioxide to “pull” naturally occurring phytocompounds, like cannabinoids and terpenes, from raw hemp material. CO2 is a safe extraction solvent and doesn’t have dangerous affects like other chemical solvents such as butane and hexane may. CO2 extraction provides CBD users with high quality, clean oils with no toxic by-products.
Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol: More commonly known by its abbreviation, THC. Delta-9 THC is the most abundant, primary, psychoactive compound found in hemp and cannabis flower, meaning it gets you “high”. You know it by its street names, weed, mary jane, ganja, skunk, bud, herb, grass, etc. According to the 2018 Farm Bill, as long as the product is derived from hemp and contains less than 0.3% delta-9 THC by dry weight volume, it’s considered legal hemp and not illegal cannabis.
Endocannabinoid System: The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological cell-signaling system that all mammals have. The ECS is made of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2 receptors. The ECS processes cannabinoids that enter the body and is responsible for regulating and maintaining bodily homeostasis, or “optimal health”. CB1 receptors are mostly found in the brain and central nervous system. CB2 receptors are found in outlying organs and immune system cells.
Entourage Effect: The Entourage Effect refers to the phenomenon in which multiple cannabinoids and terpenes working together result in a stronger effect for CBD and Cannabis users than a single cannabinoid on its own. The Entourage Effect is an enhancement of your Endocannabinoid System (ECS) through the use of multiple cannabinoids. The more diverse cannabinoid content in Full Spectrum CBD can help to maximize its benefits for experienced users. Beginners may get overwhelmed and may want to start out by using a Broad Spectrum oil with no THC. Broad spectrum tinctures are also preferred by those who may be tested at work or for use with pets.
Farm Bill: US Congress voted at the end of December 2018 to pass the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, more commonly referred to as the Farm Bill. This bill made CBD products legal to purchase in all 50 states. The new farm bill states that industrial hemp (where CBD products are derived from) must contain less than 0.3% THC. The power over industrial hemp regulation is shared by the state and federal governments. The Farm Bill also gave the FDA the authority to regulate hemp products.
Full Spectrum: Full-spectrum CBD extract contains all of the beneficial compounds naturally found in the hemp and cannabis plant. Full spectrum CBD offers the “full effect” of the plant, which induces the Entourage Effect. The entourage effect is the idea that multiple cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes work together to potentially offer more benefits and therapeutic potential than isolated, individual cannabinoids on their own.
Hemp: Hemp, aka industrial hemp, is a botanical class of Cannabis that farmers grow specifically for industrial or medicinal use. Hemp can be used to make a vast range of products from clothing, to bioplastics. Along with bamboo, hemp is among the fastest growing plants on earth.
Hemp Seed Oil: Hemp seed oil is not CBD. It’s created by pressing the hemp plant’s seeds. Hemp seed oil has no therapeutic benefits but is often used as a dietary supplement, a low saturated fat cooking oil, and topical beauty products.